Wikipedia about electricians in United Kingdom
Competency standards in the UK are defined by the Sector Skills council Summit Skills. Qualifications certificated by awarding organisations such as City and Guilds and EAL are based on these National Occupational Standards. Once qualified and demonstrating the required level of competence an Electrician can register with the JIB (Joint industry Board) for an Electrotechnical Certification Scheme (ECS) card. Electrical competence is required at Level 3 to practice as an electrician in the UK. The electrical industry is one of the few that require a trade test to be achieved prior to being fully qualified. This is known as the AM2.
Wikipedia about electricians levels
Electricians are trained to one of three levels: Apprentice, Journeyman, and Master Electrician. Apprentices in the US and Canada are working to learn the electrical trade. They generally take several hundred hours of classroom instruction and are contracted to follow apprenticeship standards for a period of between three and six years, during which time they are paid as a percentage of the Journeyman's pay. Journeymen are electricians who have completed their Apprenticeship and who have been found by the local, State, or National licensing body to be competent in the electrical trade. Master Electricians have performed well in the trade for a period of time, often seven to ten years, and have passed an exam to demonstrate superior knowledge of the National Electrical Code, or NEC.
The risk of a professional electrician
Occupation electrician is very often seen as a profession in which extremely common ones are physical injury. This is related primarily to the fact that when working with electricity, even the smallest mistake can cause severe short circuit, which would be harmful to human health. Usually created a power failure is unexpected and electrician seeking a solution to the problem moves groping. Therefore, for such a mistake it is very easy and you can tell that no theoretical knowledge is not able to prepare the employee to perfect the profession, because of some random events can not be predicted.